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The Iron and Steel Industry’s Place in the World

In the world, mining has been undergoing a radical change for several decades. In the past, metal mining in developed countries with weight in Canada, USA and Australia; coal mining concentrated in the same countries and in Germany and the UK; South Africa, Peru, Chile, and other countries in the imperial industrial mining and socialist countries that support the mining model is the case today. Metal mining is rapidly shifting to underdeveloped countries. Multinational corporations established in these countries have now concentrated their exploration and management efforts in South America, Southeast Asia, Africa and former socialist countries. They work by overcoming all kinds of control and protection obstacles, destroying natural capital and destroying them. Imperial mining te is withdrawing from South Africa. The old socialist countries now see the “treatment” of underdeveloped countries. Mining enterprises are privatized and sold to foreign investors. Hand labor, which is the source of livelihoods of millions of people in some countries, is destroyed by mining with difficulty, with exile, sometimes by slaughter and replaced with giant machine park called modern technology, which consumes the ore bed slip in most 7-8 years, leaving the important part in place, leaving the environmental problems that can not be coped with waste piles.
The international institutions that have developed this by encouraging this will now be able to perceive the magnitude of the problem and comply with the understanding of sustainable development before these enterprises; then to comply with international environmental laws and regulations; cooperation with the environmental community and civil society; etc., began to defend.
In short, the world mining has not only suffered the loss of social prestige because of the wild, uncontrollable, fanciful habits of global capitalism; has now entered an untenable and unsustainable path, in a dead end. There are significant difficulties in producing new resources in the stock markets where this sector feeds the world. Credit institutions are forced to withdraw their credit and support in the face of criticism and reaction, and this trend is becoming widespread. Despite the decline in commodities, sales prices continue to fall by a century. Growth and aggregation can not be achieved in any way. Combinations are not enough. The mining industry is one of the least profitable sectors among other industries. I mean, the world mining is about to come to an unsustainable state with its current style. We are on the verge of radical changes in this area.
The 9th development plan mining specialization commission has to see it, anticipate the developments and correctly determine its principles and measures.

 

Resources:

[1] nrCan, 2001, Canadian Minerals Yearbook, General Review,

[2] Mehta, P.S., 2002, The Indian Mining Sector : Effects on the Environment&FDI Inflows, OECD OECD Global Forum on International Investment, Conference on Foreign Direct Investment and the Environment, Lessons to be learned from the Mining Sector

[3] WWF, 2002, Undermining Biodiversity, Canada

[4] George, R.P., 1998, International Law Mineral Resources, UNCTAD, Mining, Environment and Development Papers, 2

[5] Feiler, J., 2002, Mining After Johannesburg, an assesment of Post-WSSD PoliticalOptions, Mineral Policy Center Discussion Paper

[6] World Bank, 2002, Large Mines and Local Communities : Forging Partnership, Building Sustainability, Mining and Development Series

[7] Crowson, P.C.F., 2001, Mining in the Global Market, Global Metals&Mining Conference, Toronto

[8] Crowson, P., 2001, Mining Industry Profitability, Resource Policy, vol.27, Issue 1, pp.33-42

[9] Humpreys, D., 2001, Sustainable Development: Can the Mining Industry Afford it?, Resource Policy, vol.27, Issue 1, pp.1-7

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